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". . . the powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution . . . are reserved to the States . . . or to the people." * On the basis of the preceding quotation, the responsibility to educate the citizens of our country falls upon the individual states.

In West Virginia, the 12th article of the state's constitution calls for ". . . a thorough and efficient system of free schools." This responsibility was passed down to the 55 counties and to their local boards of education with each county being obligated to provide a proportion of the means to establish and maintain proper schools.

One of the most important functions of the each board of education is to set policies to serve as guidelines for its superintendent of schools. Board policies establish those goals that the board believes will bring about a sound educational system and relate to fiscal, educational, and administrative procedures. The superintendent is employed by the board and is answerable to it.

A unique feature of boards of education is that while elected by the voters in their counties and partially supported by the local taxpayers, the members are agents of the state, or more specifically, of the West Virginia State Department of Education.

While free to establish its own policies and by-laws, the local boards are obligated to carry out all applicable federal laws, state statutes, and directives from the state board of education.

* The 10th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.


In short, it is the responsibility of the Board of Education to do the following:

• Provide the physical plant where education can take place,
• Oversee the proper management of the schools,
• Establish effective educational programs,
• Maintain open lines of communication between the board on the one hand and members of the school staff and the community on the other.

Visit the State School Boards Association for more information:


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Pendleton County Schools
PO Box 888 • 108 Walnut Street
Franklin WV 26807
Phone (304) 358-2207 • Fax (304) 358-2936

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